Category Archives: Health

What is Skin Hyperpigmentation? Its Causes and Various Treatments

Skin Hyperpigmentation

Skin is one of the largest and important human body organs. As it acts as a protective barrier between your internal organs and external harsh environment, it goes through a lot of sufferings. Some of them are germs and toxic substances, extreme cold, and sun scorching sun rays. All of these cause skin problems.

One of the common problems is skin hyperpigmentation. Today, in this blog, we will learn about skin hyperpigmentation, what are its causes and how can you get rid of it.

What is skin hyperpigmentation?

Skin hyperpigmentation is a common problem that affects people of every skin type. It occurs when certain areas of your skinget darker than the rest. It generally occurs when your skin produces more melanin. It is a pigment that provides skin a colour. This pigment is deposited deep into your skin, giving it a darker look than the surrounding skin.

Further, dark spots can appear in smaller patches, covering a large part of your body. There are different types of hyperpigmentation. They are:

  1. Pigment spots like age spots: It occurs due to sun exposure, and that’s why, it generally appears on the face, neck, hands, and arms. They generally look like small patches, and to cure them, people use whitening tablets.
  2. Melasma: The next one is a condition where you can see big patches developing mainly on your face. This disease is generally seen more in women due to the changes in their hormone levels during pregnancy.
  3. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: This generally occurs after the healing of any cosmetic surgeries like laser treatment, chemical peels, and dermabrasion.

What are the causes of hyperpigmentation?

  • Sun exposure

It is a no-brainer that UV rays are harmful to our skin. Well, a lot of sun exposure causes hyperpigmentation. UV rays trigger the production of melanin in our body, which is a protector of our skin. That’s where tanning takes place. This can be controlled on time by applying whitening tablets on those spots. If not treated, then it can lead to some serious skin damage.

  • Hormonal changes

Tweaks in hormones can be the main cause of melasma or chloasma types of hyperpigmentation. As mentioned earlier, it’s generally seen among women. According to various studies, it occurs when estrogen and progesterone sex hormones of females stimulate the overproduction of melanin during sun exposure. Further, it can also be one of the side effects of hormone treatments. 

  • Aging

As we age, the melanin cells’ production slows down and the remaining ones begin to get larger. Further, its distribution becomes more focused. However, this process leads to hyperpigmentation, and it starts happening after 40.

  • Medication or side effects

In some conditions, hyperpigmentation can be a symptom of specific diseases like metabolic disorders, gastrointestinal diseases, or any vitamin deficiencies. Further, it can be triggered by side-effects of any medication like chemotherapy drugs, anti-seizure drugs, and many more. In such cases, it is best to seek a doctor’s help instead of trying to cure on your own by using skin-lightening products.

What are its treatments?

Some people wish to get rid of hyperpigmentation even though it’s harmless. However, there are some methods that you can try.

Skin Lightening Products
  1. Topical creams

You can look out for skin-lightening products that have been manufactured to address this concern. Such products include various ingredients that treat your disease well. They are:

  • Vitamin C
  • Kojic acid
  • Tretinoin
  • Hydroquinone
  • Corticosteroids
  • Azelaic acid

If you’re unable to treat hyperpigmentation through tropical creams, then opt for the next option. And also read here to know reasons you should choose vegan skincare.

  1. Cosmetic surgeries

This is the next option that reduces the effects of hyperpigmentation and lightens the dark patches. Some of them include:

  • Laser therapy
  • Chemical peels
  • Intense pulsed light
  • Microdermabrasion

Well, if you wish to undergo any of the above treatments, then you should seek advice from a dermatologist regarding its pros and cons and potential side effects.

Other simple ways to prevent hyperpigmentation:

  • Avoid direct sun exposure: Try to stay indoors during the high peak hours of sun exposure. Or else, carry an umbrella or a hat to minimize sun exposure.
  • Apply SPF cream: In any which case if you’re forced to get out in sun, then we would recommend applying SPF cream to protect your skin from harmful UV rays. Use SPF 15 daily for adequate sun protection.
  • Avoid touching your skin: When you have a mosquito bite, you feel scratching the skin. This can cause inflammation and lead to darker skin in that area. So, avoid scratching your skin. Additionally, when you begin to put up makeup on your face, always keep a habit of washing your hands first.


If your skin is getting darker than your normal skin color, then you may be suffering from skin hyperpigmentation. Hopefully, the above information must have assisted learning about it in detail. Some dermatologists advise using whitening capsules to get rid of it. However, we would recommend you seek a skin specialist’s advice rather than messing up with the important organ of your body, the skin.

Top Tips for Choosing the Right Toothbrush for Good Oral Health

Toothbrush for Good Oral

Gum disease can lead to the development of serious health problems like heart disease and diabetes. Therefore, you shouldn’t be overlooking the importance of good oral hygiene. It will not only favor your oral health but your overall health too. Furthermore, it’s undeniable that we are being taught to brush our teeth twice a day from childhood itself. But none gave us knowledge of which toothbrush is right for our teeth.

The best dentist of the dental clinic in Springvale South offers its patients advice on the right toothbrush that is good for their teeth. If you cannot take their help, then read on the blog as we’ve offered tips for choosing the right toothbrush for your good oral health.

  1. Decide – Manual or electric:

A toothbrush helps to show the build-up of food residue a way out of your mouth. Therefore, it’s important to decide on whether your teeth condition requires a manual brush or an electric-powered one. If you spend only two minutes each time you brush with fluoride toothpaste, then a manual toothbrush will work well.

However, you will be well off with an electric toothbrush, if you:

  • Have inadequate manual dexterity
  • Brush with great vigor
  • Have been advised by the doctor

Generally, electric brushes notify you when you’re finished with two minutes of brushing. In fact, some even render signals after every four quadrants of your brushing for 30 seconds.

  1. Have a glance at the ADA seal:

Given the vast array of choices, it becomes literally difficult to decide on the right toothbrush for our good oral health. However, if you choose a product that bears the ADA seal, then you can narrow down the choices and get confident that you’re choosing the one endorsed by professionals. The seal makes sure that the brush is safe and effective to use and that has been approved by the team of experts.

Furthermore, dentists check the product to make sure that it meets the Australian standards, which are quality and safety criteria set by the government. Remember, no manufacturer can buy this seal. So, changes of fraud are nil. Therefore, if you find the seal on the toothbrush, then you can rest assured about the product.

  1. Go for the right type of bristles:

The dentists have confirmed that a soft-bristles toothbrush is good for your teeth. It helps to remove debris and plaque softly from your mouth and in between your teeth. So, if you brush the teeth twice a day (as being taught since childhood), then soft bristles toothbrush can get the job done thoroughly.

On the other hand, medium and firm bristles toothbrushes can get hard on your teeth and gum. So, if your dentists recommend using them, then only employ them. If not, then continue with the soft-bristles toothbrush only.

  1. Select the size of the toothbrush head:

It’s better to opt for the small-headed toothbrush as they can reach all the areas of your mouth, including the hard-to-reach ones. Conversely, a large head toothbrush can sometimes injure your gums, leading to bleeding and then rushing to see an emergency dentist in Springvale South for its solution.

Additionally, you can take your dentist’s recommendation too on this. They will check your oral health condition and will guide you accordingly.

  1. Check the toothbrush handle:

Toothbrushes handle come in different range. It includes an angled, secured grip, or bendable-neck handle. So, choose the toothbrush as per your convenience. As such, there are no specific rules for this step.

You can go to any nearby store and check your convenience to pick the best toothbrush for your good oral health.

  1. Pick the favorite color toothbrush:

This goes without saying! Choosing the favorite color toothbrush might seem to be funny but it encourages you to brush your teeth twice a day. Also, choosing your favorite-colored toothbrush would be fun. So, choose accordingly and help your teeth stay in your mouth for long.

Here was the step-to-step guide for choosing the right toothbrush for your teeth. Further, we’ll discuss the correct way of brushing your teeth. So, pay attention!

How to brush your teeth properly?

In order to maintain good oral health, some brush their teeth aggressively. This can lead to gum damage. Follow the below-given process for effective brushing.

  • Facing downwards, place your brush at a 45-degree angle,
  • Gently move the brush to and fro, tilting it as and when needed,
  • And try to reach every area of your mouth for an even amount of time.

Even if you had a bad brushing routine up until, frequent and proper brushing from now onwards would be the first step to make your teeth great again.

Are you in search of the best dental clinic in Springvale South?

When you visit a dental clinic for the first time, you expect top-notch services. However, many clinics claim to offer such type of professional services, but they simply fail to give. Therefore, look for an accredited dental clinic nearby. It takes a long time to establish a clinic’s credibility and capability. Also, don’t forget to check patient’s reviews on their website. This way, you can choose the best dental clinic which will help you smile again with confidence.

6 Reasons to Choose Organic Tea

Organic Tea

Organic food and drink are gaining traction these days. More people are choosing organic products, like tea. Organic tea is different to conventional tea for a number of reasons, but do you know why you should make your next cup of tea organic?

When strolling down the tea aisle at the supermarket, you’ll most likely see lots of conventional teas. These teas are grown using different chemicals and pesticides. While these chemicals and pesticides can mean more of the crop can be harvested and processed into tea, it does have problems. For instance, many people, understandably, do not like the idea of drinking something that has been exposed to an unknown number of unknown chemicals.

Therefore, many people are making the switch to organic. To be defined as organic, the product needs to meet a few standards.

  • Pesticides, herbicides, non-organic fertilizers, chemicals and fungicides cannot be used in the growth or harvesting of the product. These chemicals can do untold damage to both the environment and the human body.
  • Organic farming also must sustain and enhance the local ecosystem, including the soil, plants, wildlife and general environment. Farmers who follow organic practices farm in harmony with the environment, rather than against it.
  • Organic products can also not be genetically modified. While the genetic modification of conventional tea crops may be to ensure the plants can withstand tough conditions, this can have adverse effects on the local environment. For instance, as the farmer does not need to care for the crops as closely, they may not care for the surrounding environment as well. 

Clearly, there are some key differences between organic and conventional tea. But why should you make the switch when conventional tea is often cheaper and more accessible?

  1. Look after your health

Tea is good for your health. It can help keep you calm, lower your blood pressure and even protect your brain from degenerative diseases. However, conventional tea, as noted above, can also be doused in chemicals.

While the tea companies will rinse the product of the chemicals, trace elements will still remain. They can then leach out into your morning cup of tea and affect your health. For instance, some pesticides and chemicals used in conventional tea farming have been found to poison individuals or even lead to cancer.

Organic tea, however, never comes into contact with these chemicals. Therefore, you can be sure there are no harmful nasties hiding in your relaxing cup of tea.

  1. Look after the health of farmers

Just as the chemicals used in the farming of conventional tea can affect you as the drinker of the tea, they can also harm the farmers who work closely with the crops. These pesticides may poison or cause cancer.

However, this isn’t a problem with organic farming. Therefore, you can choose to drink a tea that doesn’t harm anyone.

  1. Empower small farmers

Organic farms are typically small businesses. This is because the work requires close attention and organic farming principles mean they cannot expand as much as conventional tea farms. Therefore, when you choose organic, you’re supporting small businesses. The money made by these small businesses then goes back into the local communities, helping everyone.

  1. Help to support the environment

Because organic farming does not use harmful chemicals, like pesticides and fungicides, your tea choice can also help support the environment. The principles of organic farming allow for local ecosystems to thrive, preserving unique wildlife and flora.

Small organic farms do not clear as much land, preserving the environment that already exists. The farming practices also go a long way to improve the existing environmental conditions, like soil quality.

Further, because organic farms do not use harmful chemicals, there is no risk of these chemicals moving throughout the environment. For instance, pesticides can be washed off plants and enter local water systems. This can harm fish populations, which can have knock-on effects when a common food source is taken away from the native animal population.

  1. Better for tea plant

Organic farming is also better for the tea plant. You can expect a healthier, more natural crop. This can ensure that local tea plant varieties and heirloom plants are kept around, rather than genetically modifying them for an easier harvest.

  1. Better taste

Because the tea plant is in better condition and grown in a natural way, you’ll also find organic tea has a better taste than conventional tea. The tastes can be quite unique and even vary from batch to batch, creating an exclusive experience to truly taste the flavor of a region.

Additionally, as no chemicals have been used while the crop has been grown, there is no risk of chemicals altering the flavor. It’s clear from the benefits that organic tea should be in your pantry. Whether it’s for a morning cup to wake you up, or a soothing brew to help you get to sleep, organic is the way to go to look after yourself, the farmers and the environment.

Questions To Ask Before Trying Teeth Whitening

teeth whitening

Clean and healthy looking teeth give you a confident and radiant smile. On the other hand, yellowish teeth can make you hide your smile in public. So, if you have discolored teeth and are thinking about teeth whitening treatments, it’s important to do your research.

So, let’s jump in and learn about each vital question that you need to ask yourself before making an appointment with your dentist.

Q: What causes the discoloration?

Teeth can change color due to many reasons like:

  • Eating certain foods or drinking lots of wine and coffee
  • Smoking
  • An underlying dental issue

To find out the exact reason for discoloration, speak to your dentist. If it’s a result of your diet, like drinking red wine regularly, they may suggest cutting down on certain food and drink. But if it’s because of other issues, then those are addressed first before proceeding to any cosmetic treatment.

Also, whitening procedures work better on yellow-stained teeth rather than black, brown or greyish teeth. So, you must know the exact reason before booking appointments for whitening treatments.

Q: Are there any risks involved?

Whitening treatments are non-invasive, which means you don’t require surgery to whiten your teeth. However, if particular instructions and regulations are not followed, there may be some risks.

A professional dentist uses high concentrations of bleaching agents like hydrogen peroxide (10%) and carbamide peroxide (35%) and allows them to sit on your teeth for at least an hour. They make sure that your teeth are not damaged by these chemicals.

On the other hand, over-the-counter products have only 6% of hydrogen peroxide and 18% of carbamide peroxide, which means you have to put the paste on for a longer time and it can take multiple sessions.

Though over-the-counter products have lower concentrations of these chemicals, if you are not aware of the process or how long you should apply the paste, the whitening effect may not last for a long period. You can also damage your teeth by improperly using an over-the-counter teeth whitening product. So, it’s best to rely on professionals always.

Q: Are there any side effects?

Whether you are getting treatment from a professional or doing it yourself, it’s common to experience chemical burns, gum irritation and hyper-sensitive teeth. However, these problems should disappear after a few days, and, in the meantime, you should avoid eating and drinking any hot or cold food and drinks.

Additionally, if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, you should refrain from having your teeth whitened as the chemicals can impact your child’s health. Also, to know about the Pros and Cons of Dental Veneers

cosmetic dentistry

Q: Should I do it myself or see a dentist?

It is best to have your teeth whitened by a professional, particularly if it’s your first time. They can help with any side effects and minimize potential risks.

Whitening your teeth at home can also leave you with uneven results if you’re not careful.

Q: How long does it take to see results?

Many people get teeth whitening treatments and other cosmetic dentistry for when a big occasion, like a wedding, is coming. This is why it’s important to be informed and plan ahead.

Over-the-counter products need two weeks to achieve your desired results. If you are using a whitening toothpaste, then four weeks is essential, but you may not see much change in your teeth.

However, if you are being treated by a dentist, you need only one sitting to achieve whiter teeth and should see results quickly.

Q: What kind of results can I expect to see?

It’s always best to have realistic expectations with whitening treatments as the end result depends on how stained your teeth are.

Highly stained teeth will not become as white as less-stained teeth. Also, the effectiveness of the treatment varies from person to person.

Speak with your dentist before getting your teeth whitened to get a professional opinion. They may be able to recommend other things to help whiten your teeth.

Q: How long does it last?

Tooth whitening treatments aren’t permanent. Usually, the results last from six months to two years.

It also depends on what kind of treatment you have and how well you are looking after your teeth afterwards.

Proper brushing and staying away from food and drink that stains, like tea, beetroot, and coffee, will keep your teeth whiter for longer.

Q: Does it work with crowns, veneers or braces?

The chemicals used in whitening treatments have a direct effect on the tooth enamel. Crowns and veneers don’t have enamel, so they will not be affected in the same way.

If you have braces, your dentist will recommend to wait until your braces are off before whitening your teeth. It is still possible to have whitening treatments with braces but you just have to book for touch-up treatments after your braces come off to get a uniform whiteness.

Q: Do I need whitening treatments?

Cosmetic dentistry, like teeth whitening can help you get a beautiful smile. If you feel like your teeth are yellow, or you want to feel confident when you smile, whitening treatments are a great option. You just need to know the ins and outs of the treatment so that you know what you are getting into.